Table information for 'gaia.edr3lite'


Table Description: This is a “light” version of the full Gaia eDR3 gaia_source table, containing the original astrometric and photmetric columns with just enough additional information to let careful researchers notice when data is becomes uncertain and the full error model should be consulted. The full eDR3 is available from numerous places in the VO (in particular from the TAP services ivo:// and ivo://esavo/gaia/tap).

This table is available for ADQL queries and through the TAP endpoint.

Resource Description:

This is gaia_source from the Gaia early Data Release 3, stripped to just enough columns to enable basic science (but therefore a bit faster and simpler to deal with than the full gaia_source table).

Note that on this server, there is also The gedr3dist.main, which gives distances computed by Bailer-Jones et al. Use these in preference to working with the raw parallaxes.

This server also carries the gedr3mock schema containing a simulation of gaia_source based on a state-of-the-art galaxy model, computed by Rybizki et al.

For a list of all services and tables belonging to this table's resource, see Information on resource 'Selections from Gaia early Data Release 3 (eDR3)'

Citing this table

To cite the table as such, we suggest the following BibTeX entry:

  title={Gaia eDR3 source catalogue "light"},
  author={{GAIA} Collaboration},
  howpublished={{VO} resource provided by the {GAVO} Data Center}


Sorted alphabetically. [Sort by DB column index]

NameTable Head DescriptionUnitUCD
astrometric_excess_noise ε_i This is the excess noise of the source, measuring the disagreement, expressed as an angle, between the observations of a source and the best-fitting standard astrometric model (using five astrometric parameters). A value of 0 signifies a well-behaved source, a positive value signifies that the residuals are larger than expected. mas
astrometric_params_solved PS This is a binary code indicating which astrometric parameters were estimated for the source. A set bit means the parameter was estimated. The least-significant bit represents α, the next bits δ, parallax, PM(RA) and PM(De). For Gaia DR2 the only relevant values are 31 (all five parameters solved) and 3 (only positions). N/A meta.code
dec Dec (ICRS) Barycentric Declination in ICRS at epoch J2016.0 deg pos.eq.dec;meta.main
dec_error Err. Dec Standard error of dec mas stat.error;pos.eq.dec
dr2_radial_velocity RV Spectroscopic radial velocity in the solar barycentric reference frame taken from DR2. The radial velocity provided is the median value of the radial velocity measurements at all epochs. km/s spect.dopplerVeloc
dr2_radial_velocity_error Err. RV The radial velocity error is the error on the median to which a constant noise floor of 0.11 km/s has been added in quadrature to take into account the calibration contribution. Again, this is just taken over from DR2. km/s stat.error;spect.dopplerVeloc
parallax Parallax Absolute barycentric stellar parallax of the source at the reference epoch J2016.0. If looking for a distance, consider joining with gedr3dist.main and using the distances from there. mas pos.parallax
parallax_error Parallax_error Standard error of parallax mas stat.error;pos.parallax
phot_bp_mean_flux_over_error SNR BP Integrated mean BP flux divided by its error. Errors are computed from the dispersion about the weighted mean of the input calibrated photometry. [Note e] N/A stat.snr;phot.flux;em.opt.B
phot_bp_mean_mag Mag BP Mean magnitude in the integrated BP band. This is computed from the BP-band mean flux applying the magnitude zero-point in the Vega scale. To obtain error estimates, see phot_bp_mean_flux_over_error. mag phot.mag;em.opt.B
phot_bp_rp_excess_factor BP/RP excess BP/RP excess factor estimated from the comparison of the sum of integrated BP and RP fluxes with respect to the flux in the G band. This measures the excess of flux in the BP and RP integrated photometry with respect to the G band. This excess is believed to be caused by background and contamination issues affecting the BP and RP data. Therefore a large value of this factor for a given source indicates systematic errors in the BP and RP photometry. N/A
phot_g_mean_flux_over_error SNR G Integrated mean G flux divided by its error. Errors are computed from the dispersion about the weighted mean of the input calibrated photometry. [Note e] s**-1 stat.snr;phot.flux;em.opt;stat.mean
phot_g_mean_mag m_G Mean magnitude in the G band. This is computed from the G-band mean flux applying the magnitude zero-point in the Vega scale. To obtain error estimates, see phot_g_mean_flux_over_error. mag phot.mag;em.opt;stat.mean
phot_rp_mean_flux_over_error SNR RP Integrated mean RP flux divided by its error. Errors are computed from the dispersion about the weighted mean of the input calibrated photometry. [Note e] N/A stat.snr;phot.flux;em.opt.R
phot_rp_mean_mag Mag RP Mean magnitude in the integrated RP band. This is computed from the RP-band mean flux applying the magnitude zero-point in the Vega scale. To obtain error estimates, see phot_rp_mean_flux_over_error. mag phot.mag;em.opt.R
pmdec µ(Dec) Proper motion in declination at J2016.0. mas/yr;pos.eq.dec
pmdec_error Err. PM(Dec) Standard error of pmdec mas/yr stat.error;;pos.eq.dec
pmra µ(RA) Proper motion in right ascension of the source in ICRS at J2016.0. This is the tangent plane projection of the proper motion vector in the direction of increasing right ascension. mas/yr;pos.eq.ra
pmra_error Err. PM(RA) Standard error of pmra mas/yr stat.error;;pos.eq.ra
pseudocolour P.-colour Effective wavenumber of the source estimated in the final astrometric processing. The pseudocolour is the astrometrically estimated effective wavenumber of the photon flux distribution in the astrometric (G) band, estimated from the chromatic displacements of image centroids. The field is empty when chromaticity was instead taken into account using the photometrically determined ν_eff given in the field nu_eff_used_in_astrometry. um**-1 em.wavenumber;phot.color
pseudocolour_error Err. PC Standard error of the pseudocolour. um**-1 stat.error;em.wavenumber;phot.color
ra RA (ICRS) Barycentric Right Ascension in ICRS at epoch J2016.0 deg pos.eq.ra;meta.main
ra_error Err. RA Standard error of ra (with cos δ applied). mas stat.error;pos.eq.ra
random_index Random Random index that can be used to deterministically select subsets N/A meta.code
ruwe RUWE Renormalized Unit Weight Error; this is a revised measure for the overall consistency of the solution as defined by GAIA-C3-TN-LU-LL-124-01. A suggested cut on this is RUWE <1.40) See the note for details. [Note ruwe] N/A stat.weight
source_id Source Id Gaia eDR3 unique source identifier. Note that this *cannot* be matched against the DR1 or DR2 source_ids. [Note id] N/A;meta.main
visibility_periods_used #VP Number of visibility periods (groups of observations at least 4 days apart) used in the astrometric solution. A small value (less than 10) indicates that the calculated parallax could be more vulnerable to error not reflected in the formal uncertainties. N/A meta.number;obs

Columns that are parts of indices are marked like this.


The following services may use the data contained in this table:


VO nerds may sometimes need VOResource XML for this table.


Copyright and such:

If you use public Gaia eDR3 data in a paper, please take note of ESAC's guide on how to acknowledge and cite it.